PACE then and now: Twenty-one years of ‘rebalancing’
Cape, Ed (2008) PACE then and now: Twenty-one years of ‘rebalancing’. In: Cape, Ed and Young, R., eds. (2008) Regulating Policing: The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 Past, Present and Future. Oxford: Hart Publishing, pp. 191-220. ISBN 978-1-84113-861-9
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This chapter explores the development of police powers of investigation, and suspects' rights, in the 21 years following enactment of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. It concludes that "Ever since PACE was enacted, but particularly in the last decade, that regulatory structure, which in broad terms was designed to reflect the principles espoused by the RCCP [Royal Commission on Criminal Procedure], has been continually ‘re-balanced’". Further, 'whilst entrenching human rights is a necessary requirement, it is not sufficient. What is required if the drift towards greater and greater police control of citizens is to be halted is a commitment to both the principles espoused by the RCCP and to basing and evaluating change on thorough and objective evidence.'