Environmental and resource degradation associated with small-scale enterprise clusters in the Red River Delta of Northern Vietnam
Konstadakopulos, D. print (2008) Environmental and resource degradation associated with small-scale enterprise clusters in the Red River Delta of Northern Vietnam. Geographical Research, 46 (1). pp. 51-61. ISSN 1745-5863
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Publisher's URL: http://dx.do.org/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2007.00491.x
The paper discusses the impact of new technologies on the development of small-scale handicraft clusters in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam. It was found that the adoption of such technologies is important for growth, although their use is very much limited to the export-orientated enterprises based in the urban and semi-urban areas of the Delta. Most entrepreneurs in these clusters face important challenges, including depletion of natural resources, and acute shortages of capital and land. Such shortages have been identified as the main cause of overcrowding, poor working conditions and extreme environmental degradation. Insecurity over property rights, in particular, is impeding commercial transactions and reducing the level of economic activity in the Delta. The paper discusses the implications of these findings and suggests three specific types of intervention concerning the economic development of regional agglomerations in Vietnam and elsewhere.
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