Planning a city through ‘dialogue’: deliberative policy-making in action in Western Australia
Hopkins, D. (2010) Planning a city through ‘dialogue’: deliberative policy-making in action in Western Australia. Urban Policy and Research, 28 (3). pp. 261-276. ISSN 0811-1146 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/12410
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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08111146.2010.490619
Deliberative policy-making is an alternative method of generating new planning strategies based on the public deliberation of citizens and stakeholders. Four ideals of deliberative policy-making espoused by deliberative democracy theorists are identified. Using this framework the 'Dialogue with the City' process undertaken by the Western Australian Government to develop the Network City spatial planning strategy for the Perth metropolitan region is examined. While this process went further than most towards realising the ideals of deliberative policy-making, the Government was not able to fully achieve the ideals of inclusive decision-making, equitable decision-making, deliberation toward the common good and consensus decision-making. It is most likely that the deliberative approach to policy-making does not represent a new model for governing; rather, these participation techniques constitute a more sophisticated model for involving citizens and stakeholders in planning.