Mixed method nursing studies: a critical realist critique

Lipscomb, M. (2008) Mixed method nursing studies: a critical realist critique. Nursing Philosophy, 9 (1). pp. 32-45. ISSN 1466-7681

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-769X.2007.00325.x

Abstract

Mixed method study designs are becoming increasingly popular among nurse researchers. Mixed studies can have advantages over single method or methodological investigative designs. However, these advantages may be squandered where researchers fail to think through and justify their theoretic decisions. This paper argues that nurse researchers do not always pay sufficient heed to the philosophic and theoretic elements of research design and, in consequence, some mixed study reports lack argumentative coherence and validity. It is here suggested that Hempel's concept of equivalence can be stretched to usefully illustrate one of the main threats to argumentative coherence in mixed study design. The critical realist theory of Roy Bhaskar is then introduced and this, it is proposed, offers one means by which Hempel's equivalence dilemma can be overcome. Critical realists recognize the existence of logical connections between the ontological, epistemological, and methodological premises that underpin their work. They are therefore more likely to produce coherent studies than uncritical pragmatists who ignore such linkages and, paradoxically, critical realists can be epistemological pluralists because, in re-conceptualizing the ontological basis of inquiry, problems associated with the mixing of alternative metaphysics are circumvented.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ontology, epistemology, methodology, mixed method studies, critical realism, equivalence
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences > Department of Nursing and Midwifery
Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences
ID Code:13093
Deposited By: C. Foyle
Deposited On:18 Nov 2010 16:27
Last Modified:12 Aug 2013 08:04

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