The use of passive design strategies to inform the design and construction of schools
Roberts, H., Farrow, L., Parnaby, R. and White, C. (2010) The use of passive design strategies to inform the design and construction of schools. In: Akintoye, A., Brindley, D., Goulding, J. and Rahimian Farzad, P., eds. (2010) Proceeding of the 9th International Detail Design in Architecture Conference 2010: Innovative Detailing: Materials & Construction Methods for a Low Carbon Future. University of Central Lancaster. ISBN 978-1901922769
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The use of passive design in the building of a number of schools has enabled White Design Associates to attain the highest ‘on completion’ BREEAM score for its latest school at Rogiet Primary School in Caldicot, Monmouthshire, completed in late 2009. The design principles followed by the practice start with the notion that architects should employ buildings that promote occupant well being as well as being sustainable. These start off with a desire to use natural ventilation in buildings, to promote a better learning environment, and the maximum use of natural daylight, so as to avoid the need for artificial lighting. The use of thermal mass to regulate and mediate temperatures within the fabric of the building, and using materials nearer their natural state, and nearer their place of production; all of which contribute to minimising the impact of the building. These also deliver other important outcomes, not least low carbon emissions, but also a better learning environment and happier occupants. The paper describes in detail how each of these strategies have been incorporated into school buildings built by the practice and explains how their approach to the design of schools has evolved over time.
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