The effect of legal environment on innovation performance of external knowledge strategies
Alexander, E. (2008) The effect of legal environment on innovation performance of external knowledge strategies. In: Sixty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Annaheim, California, USA, August, 2008.
Publisher's URL: http://meeting.aomonline.org/2008/
This study addresses how institutional differences across countries matter to firms by asking whether there is a best fit of collaborative strategy to improve firms’ innovation performance in a given institutional milieu: the legal institutional environment, i.e. procedural dimensions of contract enforcement (Djankov, La Porta, López-de-Silanes, & Shleifer, 2003). Rapid technological change combined with increasingly complex technologies, as occurred in this setting of the cellular handset industry, provides firms incentives to collaborate to acquire new technologies, develop innovation, and achieve competitive advantage. Collaborative strategies, however, offer differing degrees of protection against the risk of appropriation and contract enforcement that are likely to vary across legal environments. Firms are more likely to use the courts for formal dispute resolution in countries with less bureaucratic and more adversarial legal systems (Kagan, 2003) and these firms are more likely to enter collaborative relationships underpinned by legal contracts (Hollingsworth & Streeck, 1994).
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