Carmichael, L., Barton, H., Gray, S., Lease, h. and Pilkington, P.
Integration of health into urban spatial planning through impact assessment: Identifying governance and policy barriers and facilitators.
Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 32 (1).
Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2011.08.003
This article presents the results of a review of literature examining the barriers and facilitators in integrating
health in spatial planning at the local, mainly urban level, through appraisals. Our literature review covered
the UK and non UK experiences of appraisals used to consider health issues in the planning process. We were
able to identify four main categories of obstacles and facilitators including first the different knowledge and
conceptual understanding of health by different actors/stakeholders, second the types of governance arrangements,
in particular partnerships, in place and the political context, third the way institutions work,
the responsibilities they have and their capacity and resources and fourth the timeliness, comprehensiveness
and inclusiveness of the appraisal process. The findings allowed us to draw some lessons on the governance
and policy framework regarding the integration of health impact into spatial planning, in particular considering
the pros and cons of integrating health impact assessment (HIA) into other forms of impact assessment
of spatial planning decisions such as environmental impact assessment (EIA) and strategic environment assessment
(SEA). In addition, the research uncovered a gap in the literature that tends to focus on the mainly
voluntary HIA to assess health outcomes of planning decisions and neglect the analysis of regulatory mechanisms
such as EIA and SEA.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||human health, spatial planning, impact assessment, policy integration, development planning|
Dr L. Carmichael
|Deposited On:||03 Nov 2011 16:06|
|Last Modified:||14 Jun 2014 05:26|
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