‘Keeping the Peace’ social identity, procedural justice and the policing of football crowds

Stott , C., Hoggett , J. and Pearson, G. (2011) ‘Keeping the Peace’ social identity, procedural justice and the policing of football crowds. The British Journal of Criminology , 52 (2). pp. 381-399. ISSN 0007-0955 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/16024

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azr076


This paper explores the relevance of the Elaborated Social Identity Model of Crowd Behaviour and Procedural Justice Theory to an understanding of both the presence and absence of collective conflict during football (soccer) crowd events. It provides an analysis of data gathered during longitudinal ethnographic study of fans of Cardiff City Football Club—a group of supporters with a notorious history of involvement in ‘hooliganism’ within the English domestic Football Leagues. The analysis suggests that the perceived legitimacy among fans of the way they were policed affected the internal dynamics, patterns of collective action and overall levels of ‘compliance’ among the fan group. On this basis, we contend that these processes mediated both a long-term decline but also the sporadic re-emergence of collective conflict during crowd events involving the fans. The paper concludes by exploring the implications of our analysis for informing policy, practice and theory, particularly with respect to the importance of policing with consent as a route to conflict reduction in domestic football.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Published online before print: 20th September 2011
Uncontrolled Keywords:hooliganism, public order, policing, crowds, procedural justice, consent, disorder, social identity
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences > Department of Health and Social Sciences
ID Code:16024
Deposited By: C. Foyle
Deposited On:23 Nov 2011 12:53
Last Modified:21 Mar 2016 08:05

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