Abductive reasoning and qualitative research

Lipscomb, M. (2012) Abductive reasoning and qualitative research. Nursing Philosophy, 13 (4). pp. 244-256. ISSN 1466-7681

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-769X.2011.00532.x

Abstract

Abduction, deduction and induction describe forms of reasoning. Deduction and induction are discussed in the nursing literature. However, abduction has been largely neglected by nurse scholars. In this paper it is proposed that abduction may play a part in qualitative data analysis – specifically, in the identification of themes, codes and categories. Abduction is not, in research, restricted to or associated with any particular methodology. Nevertheless, situating abduction in qualitative research facilitates the identification of three interlinked issues. First, it is suggested that abductively derived claims require support from deductive and inductively sourced evidence if they are to ‘hold’ and, yet, in qualitative research this is clearly problematic. Second, difficulties in choosing between alternative plausible hypotheses (i.e., concerning theme, code and category description) are explored through an examination of the ‘generality problem’. Third, the role of background and auxiliary theories in adjudicating between hypothesis options is discussed. It is argued that if qualitative researchers utilise abductive inference in the manner suggested, then the peculiarly fallible nature of abduction must be acknowledged and, in consequence, the action guiding potential of qualitative research findings is compromised.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Article first published online: 5th September 2012
Uncontrolled Keywords:nursing research, qualitative research, applied research, explanation
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences > Department of Nursing and Midwifery
Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences
ID Code:16163
Deposited By: Dr M. Lipscomb
Deposited On:07 Dec 2011 16:13
Last Modified:29 May 2014 14:13

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