Alexander Maconochie’s ‘mark system’

Moore, J. (2011) Alexander Maconochie’s ‘mark system’. Prison Service Journal, 198. pp. 38-46. ISSN 0300-3558 Available from:

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John Moore contributes a fascinating account of the innovative work of Alexander Maconochie, a prison governor on the Norfolk Island penal settlement in Australia, and at Birmingham prison in the mid 19th century. Many of his ideas, including conditional rewards, reducing offending on release, and developing meaningful work, can be seen echoing down the years to this very day. His eventual failure also stands as a poignant warning to those who follow in his footsteps.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Crown Copyright material is reproduced under Class Licence Number C2006000478 with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen’s Printer for Scotland
Uncontrolled Keywords:Alexander Maconochie, penal reform, Norfolk island, prison, Birmingham prison, mark system, transportation, penal reformation
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences > Department of Health and Social Sciences
ID Code:16321
Deposited By: Dr J. Moore
Deposited On:09 Jan 2012 11:57
Last Modified:02 Dec 2016 15:56

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