In Paris, you can buy a beer at McDonald's

Devereux, M. (2012) In Paris, you can buy a beer at McDonald's. PROJECT: Journal of the Department of Planning and Architecture, 4. pp. 21-24. ISSN 2042-7654 Available from:


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It is a little known fact that until the 1920s Paris was surrounded by a wall and entry into the city controlled through gates. That wall demarcated Paris from the rest of France. After its demolition that distinction between Paris 'intra-muros' and Paris 'extra-muros' did not disappear. This paper explains how the Boulevard Périphérique that replaced the wall has only served to reinforce a cultural and ideological differences as apparent today as they were a hundred years ago.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Paris, walls, peripherique, deep mapping, psychogeogrpahy
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology > Department of Architecture and the Built Environment
ID Code:17150
Deposited By: M. Devereux
Deposited On:14 Aug 2012 13:27
Last Modified:16 Nov 2016 14:37

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