In Paris, you can buy a beer at McDonald's.
PROJECT: Journal of the Department of Planning and Architecture, 4.
Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/17150
Publisher's URL: http://www1.uwe.ac.uk/et/pa/aboutthedepartment/pro...
It is a little known fact that until the 1920s Paris was surrounded by a wall and entry into the city controlled through gates. That wall demarcated Paris from the rest of France. After its demolition that distinction between Paris 'intra-muros' and Paris 'extra-muros' did not disappear. This paper explains how the Boulevard Périphérique that replaced the wall has only served to reinforce a cultural and ideological differences as apparent today as they were a hundred years ago.
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