Medical waste management in Ibadan, Nigeria: Obstacles and prospects

Coker, A. O., Sangodoyin, A., Sridhar, M., Booth, C. and Olomolaiye, P. (2009) Medical waste management in Ibadan, Nigeria: Obstacles and prospects. Waste Management, 29 (2). pp. 804-811. ISSN 0956-053X Available from:

Full text not available from this repository

Publisher's URL:


Quantification and characterization of medical waste generated in healthcare facilities (HCFs) in a developing African nation has been conducted to provide insights into existing waste collection and disposal approaches, so as to provide sustainable avenues for institutional policy improvement. The study, in Ibadan city, Nigeria, entailed a representative classification of nearly 400 healthcare facilities, from 11 local government areas (LGA) of Ibadan, into tertiary, secondary, primary, and diagnostic HCFs, of which, 52 HCFs were strategically selected. Primary data sources included field measurements, waste sampling and analysis and a questionnaire, while secondary information sources included public and private records from hospitals and government ministries. Results indicate secondary HCFs generate the greatest amounts of medical waste (mean of 10,238 kg/day per facility) followed by tertiary, primary and diagnostic HCFs, respectively. Characterised waste revealed that only �3% was deemed infectious and highlights opportunities for composting, reuse and recycling. Furthermore, the management practices in most facilities expose patients, staff, waste handlers and the populace to unnecessary health risks. This study proffers recommendations to include (i) a need for sustained cooperation among all key actors (government, hospitals and waste managers) in implementing a safe and reliable medical waste management strategy, not only in legislation and policy formation but also particularly in its monitoring and enforcement and (ii) an obligation for each HCF to ensure a safe and hygienic system of medical waste handling, segregation, collection, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal, with minimal risk to handlers, public health and the environment.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:medical waste, medical waste management, Ibadan, Nigeria, Africa, healthcare facilities
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology
ID Code:17911
Deposited By: J. Triggle
Deposited On:18 Dec 2012 11:49
Last Modified:26 Sep 2016 07:49

Request a change to this item