Experimental reaction–diffusion pre-processor for shape recognition

Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Ratcliffe, N. M. (2002) Experimental reaction–diffusion pre-processor for shape recognition. Physics Letters A, 297 (5-6). pp. 344-352. ISSN 0375-9601 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19769

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0375-9601(02)00289-X

Abstract/Description

We have produced an experimental implementation of a massively-parallel reaction–diffusion processor which performs one of the most essential parts of shape recognition—construction of a skeleton. A skeleton is a unique, stable and invariant representation of a shape, therefore computation of the skeleton is an essential tool of computer vision. Skeleton computation is a typical ‘natural’ spatial problem that can be solved with the use of biological, chemical or physical phenomena. One possible approach—a reaction–diffusion based computation—is explored in this Letter. A contour is represented by a concentration profile of one reagent, a planar substrate is mixed with another reagent. The reagent, representing the original contour diffuses to form a coloured phase in a reaction with the substrate-reagent. However, at sites where two diffusion wave fronts meet no coloured phase is formed and the substrate retains its uncoloured state. These loci of the computation space represent a skeleton of the given contour. In the Letter we only describe a laboratory prototype of a reaction–diffusion processor that computes a skeleton, no further tasks of image processing are undertaken, one could say we have designed an unconventional chemical pre-processor for shape recognition

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:chemical processor, computing in reaction–diffusion, physics-based computing medium
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences > Department of Applied Sciences
ID Code:19769
Deposited By: S. Shepherd
Deposited On:08 May 2013 13:22
Last Modified:07 Apr 2016 05:38

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