Trail laying during tandem-running recruitment in the ant Temnothorax albipennis

Basari, N., Laird-Hopkins, B. C., Sendova-Franks, A. B. and Franks, N. R. (2014) Trail laying during tandem-running recruitment in the ant Temnothorax albipennis. Naturwissenschaften, 101 (7). pp. 549-566. ISSN 0028-1042 Available from:


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Tandem running is a recruitment strategy whereby one ant leads a single naïve nest mate to a resource. While tandem running progresses towards the goal, the leader ant and the follower antmaintain contact mainly by tactile signals. In this paper, we investigated whether they also deposit chemical signals on the ground during tandem running. We filmed tandem-running ants and analysed the position of the gasters of leaders and followers. Our results show that leader ants are more likely to press their gasters down to the substrate compared to follower ants, single ants and transporter ants. Forward tandem-run leaders (those moving towards a new nest site) performed such trail-marking procedures three times more often than reverse tandem leaders (those moving towards an old nest site). That leader ants marked the trails more often during forward tandem runs may suggest that it is more important to maintain the bond with the follower ant on forward tandem runs than on reverse tandem runs. Marked trails on the ground may serve as a safety line that improves both the efficiency of tandem runs and their completion rates.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The final publication is available at Springer via
Uncontrolled Keywords:trail laying, ants, Temnothorax albipennis
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology > Department of Engineering Design and Mathematics
ID Code:23434
Deposited By: Dr A. Sendova-Franks
Deposited On:22 Aug 2014 08:57
Last Modified:21 Oct 2018 06:37

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