Carfree and low-car development

Melia, S. (2014) Carfree and low-car development. In: Ison, S. and Mulley, C., eds. (2014) Parking: Issues and Policies. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 213-233. ISBN 9781783509195 Available from:

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This chapter draws on the literature on European and UK carfree developments, including primary research conducted by the author into the potential for carfree development in the UK. It is also informed by a series of observational visits to some of the principal carfree developments around Europe. The UK concepts of car-free and low-car housing are limited in scope, defined the absence or reduced level of parking. The European concept of carfree development is broader, bringing greater benefits to the immediate residents. All three forms lead to lower traffic generation. European carfree developments bring other benefits to their residents such as more socialisation between neighbours and earlier independence for children. The potential demand for all three forms is greatest in the inner areas of larger cities. These are also the places which offer the most suitable development locations. The most common problems encountered in all three types relate to parking and/or management of vehicular access. To avoid overspill problems, parking needs to be controlled on the streets surrounding carfree or low-car developments.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:parking, carfree development, low-car development
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology > Department of Geography and Environmental Management
ID Code:23566
Deposited By: Dr S. Melia
Deposited On:10 Sep 2014 12:43
Last Modified:26 Nov 2017 19:56

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