Simultaneous electricity generation and microbially-assisted electrosynthesis in MFCs

Gajda, I., Greenman, J., Melhuish, C. and Ieropoulos, I. (2014) Simultaneous electricity generation and microbially-assisted electrosynthesis in MFCs. In: 226th ECS Meeting,Electrochemical Society, Cancun, Mexico, 5-10 October 2014. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/24236

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Publisher's URL: http://www.electrochem.org/meetings/biannual/226/

Abstract/Description

Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) are bio-electrochemical transducers that generate electricity as a direct result of microbial metabolism, when breaking down organic matter for continuous growth and maintenance. On the other hand, Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) consume electricity to drive chemical reactions and recover hydrogen or other high value chemicals, at the cathode half-cell [1]. In MFCs, electric current is generated when for every electron donated to the electrode surface, a proton is transferred from the anode to the cathode. Other cations such as Na+ or K+ may be present in significantly higher concentrations and are more likely to be transferred through a cation exchange membrane [2]. This normally results in electro-osmotically dragged water from the anode to the cathode, and often results in a phenomenon known as cathode flooding, which is a problem for MFCs and other chemical fuel cells. To this day, bio-electrosynthesis has not been reported for energy-generating MFCs, since it is associated with energy-consuming MECs. The main aim of this work was therefore to investigate the effects on MFC performance of low-cost catalyst-free electrode materials, in conjunction with cation and water transport to the cathode half-cell, in the context of beneficial water accumulation and recovery of valuable resources.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:simultaneous electricity generation, microbially-assisted electrosynthesis, MFCs
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology
ID Code:24236
Deposited By: I. Gajda
Deposited On:04 Nov 2014 11:44
Last Modified:26 May 2016 10:17

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