Microbial fuel cells continuously fuelled by untreated fresh algal biomass

Walter, X. A., Greenman, J., Taylor, B. and Ieropoulos, I. (2015) Microbial fuel cells continuously fuelled by untreated fresh algal biomass. Algal Research, 11. pp. 103-107. ISSN 2211-9264 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25149

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.algal.2015.06.003

Abstract/Description

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are energy transducers whereby organic matter is used as the electron donor to electroactive anaerobic microorganismes and the anode as their electron acceptor. An avenue of research in this field is to employ algae as the organic carbon source for the MFCs. However, in all studies demonstrating the feasibility of this principle, the algal biomass have always been pre-treated prior being fuelled to MFCs, e.g. centrifuged, dried and ground into powder, and/or treated by acid-thermal processes. The alternative presented here, is a flow-through system whereby the MFCs were continuously fed by the output of a photo-bioreactor. The system comprised of i) a culture of Synechococcus leopoliensis grown continuously in a photo-chemostat, ii) a pre-digester initiating the digestion of the phototrophs and producing a fuel devoid of oxygen, and iii) a cascade of 9 MFCs fluidicly and electricaly independant. At its best, this inline system produced 42 W of electrical power per cubic metre of fresh culture (6.105 cells mL-1).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:microbial fuel cell, ceramic membrane, in-line system, pre-digester, carbon-neutral energy
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology
ID Code:25149
Deposited By: Dr X. Walter
Deposited On:14 Oct 2015 13:38
Last Modified:25 Jul 2017 14:50

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