Using 3D imaging to map bullet impacts in sandstone

Mol, L., Gomez-Heras, M., Brassey, C., Green, O. and Blenkinsop, T. (2016) Using 3D imaging to map bullet impacts in sandstone. In: SEAHA 2nd Annual Conference, Oxford, England, 20 - 21 June 2016. Available from:

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Bullet impacts on heritage surfaces are increasingly a concern for conservation scientists; the escalating conflicts in the Middle East are often in the news for the deliberate targeting of heritage sites. The full destruction of sites, using large-scale force such as dynamite, has dominated the headlines over the past year. However, impacts such as bullets and shrapnel add to the wider spectrum of damage sustained during conflict but are often overlooked. To understand the long-term consequences of this type of damage we need to increase our understanding of the alterations to the surface and underlying stone of building materials. This poster presentation reports on the use of x-ray and simple 3D imaging to map damage sustained through bullet impacts. This information can then be used to map out pathways to long-term damage and advice remedial efforts.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords:weathering, conflict, heritage
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology > Department of Geography and Environmental Management
ID Code:30909
Deposited By: Dr L. Mol
Deposited On:06 Feb 2017 16:28
Last Modified:07 Feb 2017 18:35

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