Microbial fuel cells: From fundamentals to applications. A review

Santoro, C., Arbizzani, C., Erable, B. and Ieropoulos, I. (2017) Microbial fuel cells: From fundamentals to applications. A review. Journal of Power Sources, 356. pp. 225-244. ISSN 03787753 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/31848

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.03.109


In the past 10–15 years, the microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology has captured the attention of the scientific community for the possibility of transforming organic waste directly into electricity through microbially catalyzed anodic, and microbial/enzymatic/abiotic cathodic electrochemical reactions. In this review, several aspects of the technology are considered. Firstly, a brief history of abiotic to biological fuel cells and subsequently, microbial fuel cells is presented. Secondly, the development of the concept of microbial fuel cell into a wider range of derivative technologies, called bioelectrochemical systems, is described introducing briefly microbial electrolysis cells, microbial desalination cells and microbial electrosynthesis cells. The focus is then shifted to electroactive biofilms and electron transfer mechanisms involved with solid electrodes. Carbonaceous and metallic anode materials are then introduced, followed by an explanation of the electro catalysis of the oxygen reduction reaction and its behavior in neutral media, from recent studies. Cathode catalysts based on carbonaceous, platinum-group metal and platinum-group-metal-free materials are presented, along with membrane materials with a view to future directions. Finally, microbial fuel cell practical implementation, through the utilization of energy output for practical applications, is described.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:microbial fuel cell, electroactive biofilm, microbial fuel cell anode, microbial fuel cell cathode, cathode reaction mechanisms, microbial fuel cell practical applications, MFC
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology > Department of Engineering Design and Mathematics
ID Code:31848
Deposited By: J.-M. Maheu
Deposited On:18 May 2017 15:15
Last Modified:05 May 2018 11:20

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