Taking women's different bodily functions into account, including menstruation, in sanitation provision

Greed, C. (2017) Taking women's different bodily functions into account, including menstruation, in sanitation provision. In: WEDC Water Sanitatioin and Hygiene (WASH) Loughborough, Loughborough, England, 24-28 July 2017. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/32699

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Abstract/Description

Whilst over two billion people lack adequate toilet provision, water supply, and sanitation, women are particularly badly affected. Women have fewer facilities to start with, but more toileting needs caused by biological differences including menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. For example, 50% of school girls in Africa leave school when menstruation starts because of lack of suitable school toilets. Over 50% of the world’s population is urbanized and of those, over 50% of urban dwellers live in shanty towns and unregulated settlements, most of which lack adequate sanitation provision, especially for women and girls travelling by public transport, working away from home, or going to school. Comparisons are made with the toilet situation in Western countries. Toilet provision is one of the last frontiers of gender inequality. Female toilet provision needs to be recognised as a key component of urban planning policy, in order to create sustainable, accessible and equitable cities.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:sanitation, water, toilets, gender, latrines, developing world, menstruation, hygiene
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Environment and Technology > Department of Architecture and the Built Environment
ID Code:32699
Deposited By: Professor C. Greed
Deposited On:07 Aug 2017 11:25
Last Modified:07 Aug 2017 11:25

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