Identification of campylobacterinfection in chickens from volatile faecal emissions

Garner, C. E., Smith, S., Elviss, N. C., Humphrey, T. J., White, P., Ratcliffe, N. M. and Probert, C. S. (2008) Identification of campylobacterinfection in chickens from volatile faecal emissions. Biomarkers, 13 (4). pp. 413-421. ISSN 1354-750X Available from:

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Volatile organic compounds from chicken faeces were investigated as biomarkers for Campylobacter infection. Campylobacter are major poultry-borne zoonotic pathogens, colonizing the avian intestinal tract. Chicken faeces are the principal source of contamination of carcasses. Fresh faeces were collected on farm sites, and Campylobacter status established microbiologically. Volatile organic compounds were pre-concentrated from the headspace above 71 separate faecal samples using solid-phase microextraction and separated and identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. A Campylobacter-specific profile was identified using six of the extracted volatile organic compounds. The model developed reliably identified the presence or absence of Campylobacter in >95% of chickens. The volatile biomarker identification approach for assessing avian infection is a novel approach to enhancing biosecurity in the poultry industry and should reduce the risk of disease transmission to humans.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Campylobacterinfection, chickens
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences > Department of Applied Sciences
Faculty of Environment and Technology > Department of Engineering Design and Mathematics
ID Code:7102
Deposited By: H. Hammond
Deposited On:21 Jul 2010 08:01
Last Modified:15 Nov 2016 21:40

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