Endotoxin emissions from commercial composting activities

Deacon, L., Pankhurst, L., Liu, J., Drew, G. H., Hayes, E. T., Jackson, S. K., Longhurst, J., Longhurst, P., Pollard, S. and Tyrrel, S. (2009) Endotoxin emissions from commercial composting activities. Environmental Health, 8 (Suppl). S9. ISSN 1476-069X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/7126

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-8-S1-S9


This paper describes an exploratory study of endotoxin emissions and dispersal from a commercial composting facility. Replicated samples of air were taken by filtration at different locations around the facility on 10 occasions. Measurements were made of endotoxin and associated culturable microorganisms. The inflammatory response of cell cultures exposed to extracts from the filters was measured. Endotoxin was detected in elevated concentrations close to composting activities. A secondary peak, of lesser magnitude than the peak at source was detected at 100-150 m downwind of the site boundary. Unexpectedly high concentrations of endotoxin were measured at the most distant downwind sampling point. Extracted endotoxin was found to stimulate human monocytes and a human lung epithelial cell line to produce significant amounts of pro-inflammatory cytokines. On a weight basis, endotoxin extracted from the composting source has a greater inflammatory cytokine inducing effect than commercial E. coli endotoxin.

Item Type:Article
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences
ID Code:7126
Deposited By: H. Hammond
Deposited On:19 Jul 2010 08:51
Last Modified:15 Nov 2016 20:20

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