Development of an anodic stripping voltammetric assay, using a disposable mercury-free screen-printed carbon electrode, for the determination of zinc in human sweat
Crew, A. P., Cowell, D. and Hart, J. P. (2008) Development of an anodic stripping voltammetric assay, using a disposable mercury-free screen-printed carbon electrode, for the determination of zinc in human sweat. Talanta, 75 (5). pp. 1221-1226. ISSN 0039-9140
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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2008.01.043
This paper reports on the development of a novel electrochemical assay for Zn(2+) in human sweat, which involves the use of disposable screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs). Initially, SPCEs were used in conjunction with cyclic voltammetry to study the redox characteristics of Zn(2+) in a selection of supporting electrolytes. The best defined cathodic and anodic peaks were obtained with 0.1 M NaCl/0.1 M acetate buffer pH 6.0. The anodic peak was sharp and symmetrical which is typical for the oxidation of a thin metal film on the electrode surface. This behaviour was exploited in the development of a differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetric (DPASV) assay for zinc. It was shown that a deposition potential of -1.6 V versus Ag/AgCl and deposition time of 60 s with stirring (10 s equilibration) produced a well-defined stripping peak with E(pa) = -1.2 V versus Ag/AgCl. Using these conditions, the calibration plot was linear over the range 1x10(-8) to 5x10(-6) M Zn(2+). The precision was examined by carrying out six replicate measurements at a concentration of 2x10(-6) M; the coefficient of variation was calculated to be 5.6%. The method was applied to the determination of the analyte in sweat from 10 human volunteers. The concentrations were between 0.39 and 1.56 microg/mL, which agrees well with previously reported values. This simple, low-cost sensitive assay should have application in biomedical studies and for stress and fatigue in sports studies.