The effects of Red Bull energy drink on human performance and mood

Alford, C. (2001) The effects of Red Bull energy drink on human performance and mood. Amino Acids, 21 (2). pp. 139-150. ISSN 0939-4451 Available from:

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The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink, which includes taurine,glucuronolactone, and caffeine amongst the ingredients, were examined over 3 studies in a total of 36 volunteers. Assessments included psychomotor performance (reaction time, concentration, memory), subjective alertness and physical endurance. When compared with control drinks, Red Bull Energy Drink significantly (P < 0.05) improved aerobic endurance (maintaining 65–75% max. heart rate) and anaerobic performance (maintaining max. speed) on cycle ergometers. Significant improvements in mental performance included choice reaction time, concentration (number cancellation) and memory (immediate recall), which reflected increased subjective alertness. These consistent and wide ranging improvements in performance are interpreted as reflecting the effects of the combination of ingredients. Keywords: Amino acids – Red Bull Energy Drink – Caffeine – Glucuronolactone – Taurine – Physical endurance – Psychomotor performance

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The original publication is available at
Uncontrolled Keywords:human performance, mood, Red Bull, energy drink
Faculty/Department:Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences > Department of Health and Social Sciences
ID Code:96
Deposited By: Dr C. Alford
Deposited On:23 Jun 2009 08:03
Last Modified:07 Feb 2017 18:40

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