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Number of items: 250.

2016

Bull, L. (2016) On the evolution of Boolean networks for computation: A guide RNA mechanism. International Journal of Parallel, Emergent and Distributed Systems, 31 (2). pp. 101-113. ISSN 1744-5760 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25784

Bull, L. (2016) On cellular Darwinism: Mitochondria. Artificial Life, 22 (1). pp. 112-118. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25781

Preen, R. and Bull, L. (2016) Design mining interacting wind turbines. Evolutionary Computation, 24 (1). pp. 89-111. ISSN 1063-6560 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25798

Whiting, J. G. H., Jones, J., Bull, L., Levin, M. and Adamatzky, A. (2016) Towards a Physarum learning chip. Scientific Reports, 6. p. 19948. ISSN 2045-2322 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/28258

2015

Howard, G. D., Bull, L. and Costello, B. d. L. (2015) Evolving unipolar memristor spiking neural networks. Connection Science, 27 (4). pp. 397-416. ISSN 0954-0091 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/26614

Bull, L. (2015) A brief history of learning classifier systems: From CS-1 to XCS and its variants. Evolutionary Intelligence, 8 (2-3). pp. 55-70. ISSN 1864-5909 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25785

Howard, G. D., Bull, L. and Lanzi, P. L. (2015) A cognitive architecture based on a learning classifier system with spiking classifiers. Neural Processing Letters. ISSN 1370-4621 [In Press] Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/26410

Erbas, M. D., Bull, L. and Winfield, A. F. T. (2015) On the evolution of behaviors through embodied imitation. Artificial Life, 21 (2). pp. 141-165. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/26155

Preen, R. and Bull, L. (2015) Toward the coevolution of novel vertical-axis wind turbines. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, 19 (2). pp. 284-294. ISSN 1089-778X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25797

2014

Preen, R. and Bull, L. (2014) Towards the evolution of vertical-axis wind turbines using supershapes. Evolutionary Intelligence, 7 (3). pp. 155-167. ISSN 1864-5909 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25799

Bull, L. (2014) Evolving functional and structural dynamism in coupled Boolean networks. Artificial Life, 20 (4). pp. 441-455. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25782

Erbas, M. D., Winfield, A. F. and Bull, L. (2014) Embodied imitation-enhanced reinforcement learning in multi-agent systems. Adaptive Behavior, 22 (1). pp. 31-50. ISSN 1059-7123 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/21571

Bull, L. (2014) Evolving Boolean regulatory networks with epigenetic control. Biosystems, 116. pp. 36-42. ISSN 0303-2647 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25783

Preen, R. and Bull, L. (2014) Discrete and fuzzy dynamical genetic programming in the XCSF learning classifier system. Soft Computing, 18 (1). pp. 153-167. ISSN 1432-7643 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/22393

Howard, G. D., Bull, L., Costello, B. d. L. and Adamatzky, A. (2014) Evolving spiking networks with variable resistive memories. Evolutionary Computation, 22 (1). pp. 79-103. ISSN 1063-6560 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/26409

2013

Preen, R. and Bull, L. (2013) Towards the evolution of novel vertical-axis wind turbines. In: 13th UK Workshop on Computational Intelligence, UKCI 2013, Guildford, UK, 9-11 September 2013., pp. 74-81 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25812

Bull, L., Holley, J., Costello, B. d. L. and Adamatzky, A. (2013) Toward Turing’s A-type unorganised machines in an unconventional substrate: a dynamic representation in compartmentalised excitable chemical media. Computing Nature, 7. pp. 185-199. ISSN 2192-6255 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20738

Preen, R. and Bull, L. (2013) Dynamical genetic programming in XCSF. Evolutionary Computation, 21 (3). pp. 361-387. ISSN 1063-6560 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20736

Bull, L. (2013) Imitation programming unorganised machines. In: Yang, X.-S., ed. (2013) Artificial Intelligence, Evolutionary Computing and Metaheuristics: in the Footsteps of Alan Turing. Springer, pp. 63-81. ISBN 9783642296949 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20741

2012

Howard, G. D., Bull, L., Costello, B. d. L. and Adamatzky, A. (2012) Creating unorganised machines from memristors. In: Simos, T., Psihoyios, G., Tsitouras, C. and Anastassi, Z., eds. ICNAAM 2012: International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics , Kos, Greece, 19t - 25th September, 2012. New York, USA: AIP, p. 1884 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20751

Adamatzky, A., Holley, J., Dittrich, P., Gorecki, J., de Lacy Costello, B., Zauner, K.-P. and Bull, L. (2012) On architectures of circuits implemented in simulated Belousov-Zhabotinsky droplets. Biosystems, 109 (1). pp. 72-77. ISSN 0303-2647 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20728

Bull, L. (2012) Production system rules as protein complexes from genetic regulatory networks: an initial study. Evolutionary Intelligence, 5 (2). pp. 59-67. ISSN 1864-5909 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20737

Preen, R. J. and Bull, L. (2012) Evolution of supershapes for the generation of three-dimensional designs. arXiv. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20735

Bull, L. (2012) Using genetical and cultural search to design unorganised machines. Evolutionary Intelligence, 5 (1). pp. 23-33. ISSN 1864-5909 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18601

Howard, D., Gale, E., Bull, L., de Lacy Costello, B. and Adamatzky, A. (2012) Evolution of plastic learning in spiking networks via memristive connections. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, 16 (5). pp. 711-729. ISSN 1089-778X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/17169

Preen, R. J. and Bull, L. (2012) Discrete and fuzzy dynamical genetic programming in the XCSF learning classifier system. arXiv preprint arXiv:1201.5604. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20730

Howard, G. D., Bull, L. and Lanzi, P. L. (2012) A spiking neural learning classifier system. arXiv preprint arXiv:1201.3249. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20727

Howard, G. D., Bull, L. and Adamatzky, A. (2012) Cartesian genetic programming for memristive logic circuits. In: (2012) Genetic Programming. (7244) Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, pp. 37-48. ISBN 9783642291388 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20734

Bull, L. (2012) On natural genetic engineering: structural dynamism in random boolean networks. arXiv preprint arXiv:1201.3545. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20726

Bull, L. (2012) Evolving boolean networks on tunable fitness landscapes. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, 16 (6). pp. 817-828. ISSN 1089-778X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/17168

Bull, L. (2012) Evolving boolean networks with structural dynamism. Artificial Life, 18 (4). pp. 385-397. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20759

Bull, L. (2012) A simple computational cell: Coupling boolean gene and protein networks. Artificial Life, 18 (2). pp. 223-236. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20732

2011

Adamatzky, A., Holley, J., Bull, L. and de Lacy Costello, B. (2011) On computing in fine-grained compartmentalised Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium. Chaos, Solutions & Fractals, 44 (10). pp. 779-790. ISSN 0960-0779 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20673

Preen, R. J. and Bull, L. (2011) Fuzzy dynamical genetic programming in XCSF. In: Krasnogor, N. and Lanzi, P. L., eds. (2011) Proceedings of the 13th annual conference companion on Genetic and evolutionary computation. ACM, pp. 167-168. ISBN 9781450306904 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/25835

Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Bull, L. (2011) On polymorphic logical gates in subexcitable chemical medium. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 21 (07). pp. 1977-1986. ISSN 0218-1274 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18423

Vidgen, R. and Bull, L. (2011) Applications of Kauffman’s coevolutionary NKCS model to management and organization studies. In: Allen, P., Maguire, S. and McKelvey, B., eds. (2011) The Sage Handbook of Complexity and Management. SAGE Publications Limited, pp. 201-219. ISBN 1847875696 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20708

Holley, J., Adamatzky, A., Bull, L., de Lacy Costello, B. and Jahan, I. (2011) Computational modalities of Belousov-Zhabotinsky encapsulated vesicles. Nano Communication Networks, 2 (1). pp. 50-61. ISSN 1878-7789 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20693

Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B., Bull, L. and Holley, J. (2011) Towards arithmetic circuits in sub-excitable chemical media. Israel Journal of Chemistry, 51 (1). pp. 56-66. ISSN 0021-2148 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20682

Preen, R. and Bull, L. (2011) Arithmetic dynamical genetic programming in the XCSF learning classifier system. In: IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC), 2011, New Orleans, US, 5th - 8th June, 2011. US: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 1428-1435 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20714

Howard, G. D., Gale, E., Bull, L., de Lacy Costello, B. and Adamatzky, A. (2011) Evolving spiking networks with variable memristors. In: GECCO '11 Proceedings of the 13th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation, 2011., pp. 1275-1282 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18603

Holley, J., Jahan, I., de Lacy Costello, B., Bull, L. and Adamatzky, A. (2011) Logical and arithmetic circuits in Belousov-Zhabotinsky encapsulated disks. Physical Review E, 84 (5). 056110. ISSN 1539-3755 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/17614

Bull, L. (2011) Towards a mapping of modern AIS and LCS. In: Liò, P., Nicosia, G. and Stibor, T., eds. (2011) Artificial Immune Systems. Springer, pp. 371-382. ISBN 9783642223709 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18593

Howard, G. D., Gale, E., Bull, L., de Lacy Costello, B. and Adamatzky, A. (2011) Towards evolving spiking networks with memristive synapses. In: IEEE Symopium on Artificial Life (ALIFE) 2011, Paris, France, 11th - 14th April, 2011. US: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE ) , pp. 14-21 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20713

Erbas, M. D., Winfield, A. F. T. and Bull, L. (2011) Towards imitation-enhanced reinforcement learning in multi-agent systems. In: 2011 IEEE Symposium on Artificial Life (ALIFE), 2011., pp. 6-13 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18596

Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B., Holley, J., Gorecki, J. and Bull, L. (2011) Vesicle computers: Approximating a Voronoi diagram using Voronoi automata. Chaos Solitons and Fractals, 44 (7). pp. 480-489. ISSN 0960-0779 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18594

2010

Sapin, E., Adamatzky, A., Collet, P. and Bull, L. (2010) Stochastic automated search methods in cellular automata: the discovery of tens of thousands of glider guns. Natural Computing, 9 (3). pp. 513-543. ISSN 1567-7818 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20692

Howard, D. and Bull, L. (2010) A spiking neural repesentation for XCSF. In: 2010 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC), Barcelona, Spain, 18-23 July 2010. Barcelona: UNSPECIFIED Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19016

Bull, L. (2010) Artificial symbiogenesis and differing reproduction rates. Artificial Life, 16 (1). pp. 65-72. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/11475

Bull, L. (2010) Imitation programming. In: Tempesti, G., Tyrrell, A. and Miller, J., eds. (2010) Evolvable sytems: from biology to hardware. (6274) Springer, pp. 360-371. ISBN 0302-9743 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20719

Bulitko, V., Voorhees, B., Alonso-Sanz, R., Bull, L., Anghelescu, P., Ionita, S., Sofron, E., Clarridge, A., Salomaa, K. and Jin, W. (2010) Index permutations and classes of additive cellular automata rules with isomorphic STD. Journal of Cellular Automata, 5 (1-2). pp. 1-28. ISSN 1557-5969 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20686

Tekiner, F., Pettipher, M., Bull, L., Studley, M., Whittley, I. and Bagnall, T. (2010) Parallel data mining-case study. Technical Report. University of Manchester. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18589

Howard, G. D., Bull, L. and Lanzi, P.-L. (2010) Use of a connection-selection scheme in neural XCSF. In: (2010) Learning Classifier Systems. Springer Verlag, pp. 87-106. ISBN 9783642175077 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20722

2009

Bull, L. (2009) On dynamical genetic programming: Simple boolean networks in learning classifier systems. International Journal of Parallel, Emergent and Distributed Systems, 24 (5). pp. 421-442. ISSN 1744-5760 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18998

Toth, R., Stone, C., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Bull, L. (2009) Experimental validation of binary collisions between wave fragments in the photosensitive Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 41 (4). pp. 1605-1615. ISSN 0960-0779 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/7077

Sapin, E., Bull, L. and Adamatzky, A. (2009) Genetic approaches to search for computing patterns in cellular automata. Computational Intelligence Magazine, IEEE, 4 (3). pp. 20-28. ISSN 1556-603X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19010

Sapin, E., Bull, L. and Adamatzky, A. (2009) Genetic approaches to search for computing patterns in cellular automata. IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine, 4 (3). pp. 20-28. ISSN 1556-603X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/11474

Preen, R. and Bull, L. (2009) Discrete dynamical genetic programming in XCS. In: 11th Annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation (GECCO '09), Montreal, Canada, July 8-12, 2009. Montreal, Canada: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 1299-1306 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19007

Adamatzky, A. and Bull, L. (2009) Are complex systems hard to evolve? Complexity, 14 (6). pp. 15-20. ISSN 1076-2787 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20716

Bull, L. and Preen, R. (2009) On dynamical genetic programming: Random boolean networks in learning classifier systems. In: 12th European Conference on Genetic Programming, EuroGP 2009 Tübingen, April 15-17 2009, Tübingen, Germany. Germany: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 37-48 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/22397

Alonso-Sanz, R. and Bull, L. (2009) On minimally coupled Boolean networks. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 19 (04). pp. 1401-1414. ISSN 0218-1274 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20721

Miranda, E., Bull, L., Gueguen, F. and Uroukov, I. (2009) Computer music meets unconventional computing: Towards sound synthesis with in vitro neuronal networks. Computer Music Journal, 33 (1). pp. 9-18. ISSN 0148-9267 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18997

Bull, L. and Lanzi, P. L. (2009) Introduction to the special issue on learning classifier systems. Natural Computing, 8 (1). pp. 1-2. ISSN 1567-7818 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20704

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2009) Configuring ZCS for continuous-valued single-step Boolean problems. Analysis, 2 (3). p. 19. ISSN 0003-2638 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20680

Alonso-Sanz, R. and Bull, L. (2009) Elementary cellular automata with minimal memory and random number generation. Complex Systems, 18 (2). pp. 195-219. ISSN 0891-2513 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18595

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2009) Evolution of cellular automata with memory: the density classification task. Biosystems, 97 (2). pp. 108-116. ISSN 0303-2647 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/11476

Toth, R., Stone, C., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Bull, L. (2009) Experimental validation of binary collisions between wave fragments in the photosensitive Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 41 (4). pp. 1605-1615. ISSN 0960-0779 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18682

de Lacy Costello, B., Toth, R., Stone, C., Adamatzky, A. and Bull, L. (2009) Implementation of glider guns in the light-sensitive Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium. Physical Review E, 79 (2). 026114. ISSN 1539-3755 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/7076

Bull, L. and Preen, R. (2009) On dynamical genetic programming: Random boolean networks in learning classifier systems. Genetic Programming. pp. 37-48. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19014

Toth, R., Stone, C., de Lacy Costello, B., Adamatzky, A. and Bull, L. (2009) Simple collision-based chemical logic gates with adaptive computing. International Journal of Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation (IJNMC), 1 (3). pp. 1-16. ISSN 1941-6318 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19002

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2009) Solving the density classification task using cellular automaton 184 with memory. Complex Systems, 18 (3). pp. 329-344. ISSN 0891-2513 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18613

Toth , R., de Lacy Costello, B., Stone, C., Masere, J., Adamatzky, A. and Bull, L. (2009) Spiral formation and degeneration in heterogeneous excitable media. Physical Review E, 79 (3). 035101(R) (4 pages). ISSN 1539-3755 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/11403

Howard, G. D., Bull, L. and Lanzi, P. L. (2009) Towards continuous actions in continuous space and time using self-adaptive constructivism in neural XCSF. In: Proceedings of the 11th Annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation, Montreal, Canada, 2009., pp. 1219-1226 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18587

Alonso-Sanz, R. and Bull, L. (2009) A very effective density classifier two-dimensional cellular automaton with memory. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 42 (48). p. 485101. ISSN 1751-8113 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19024

2008

Stone, C., Toth, R., de Lacy Costello, B., Bull, L. and Adamatzky, A. (2008) Coevolving cellular automata with memory for chemical computing: Boolean logic gates in the BZ reaction. In: Rudolph , Günter, Jansen, T., Lucas, S. M., Poloni , C. and Beume, N., eds. (2008) Parallel Problem Solving from Nature - PPSN X: 10th International Conference Dortmund, Germany, September 13-17, 2008. 2008 edition. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer , pp. 579-588. ISBN 9783540876991 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19038

Stone, C., Toth, R., de Lacy Costello, B., Adamatzky, A. and Bull, L. (2008) Co-evolving cellular automatat with memory for chemical computing: Boolean logic gates in the BZ reaction. In: 10th International Conference Parallel problem solving from Nature- PPSN X, Dortmund, Germany, 13th - 17th September, 2008. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/7512

Howard, G. and Bull, L. (2008) On the effects of node duplication and connection-oriented constructivism in neural XCSF. In: 2008 GECCO conference companion on genetic and evolutionary computation, Atlanta, USA, July 12 - 16, 2008. Atlanta, USA: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 1977-1984 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19018

Uroukov, I. S. and Bull, L. (2008) On the effect of long-term electrical stimulation on three-dimensional cell cultures: Hen embryo brain spheroids. Medical Device: Evidence and Research (Auckland, NZ), 1. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1179-1470 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20683

Bull, L. and Alonso-Sanz, A. (2008) On coupling random boolean networks. In: Automata 2008: Theory and Applications of Cellular Automata, Bristol, UK, June 12-14, 2008 , Bristol, UK, June 12-14, 2008 . Bristol, UK: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 292-301 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19008

Adamatzky, A., Bull, L., Collet, P. and Sapin, E. (2008) Evolving localizations in reaction-diffusion cellular automata. International Journal of Modern Physics C, 19 (04). pp. 557-567. ISSN 0129-1831 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20688

Aickelin, U. and Bull, L. (2008) On the application of hierarchical coevolutionary genetic algorithms: Recombination and evaluation partners. Journal of Applied System Studies, 4 (2). pp. 2-17. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18999

Aickelin, U. and Bull, L. (2008) Partnering strategies for fitness evaluation in a pyramidal evolutionary algorithm. arXiv preprint arXiv:0801.3550. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18994

Alonso-Sanz, R. and Bull, L. (2008) Random number generation by cellular automata with memory. International Journal of Modern Physics C, 19 (02). pp. 351-367. ISSN 0129-1831 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19043

Budd, A., Stone, C., Masere, J., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Bull, L. (2008) Initial results from the use of evolutionary learning to control chemical computers. International Journal of Unconventional Computing, 4 (1). pp. 13-22. ISSN 1548-7199 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20681

Bull, L. and Uroukov, I. (2008) Towards neuronal computing: simple creation of two logic functions in 3D cell cultures using multi-electrode arrays. International Journal of Unconventional Computing, 4 (2). pp. 143-154. ISSN 1548-7199 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20720

Alonso-Sanz, R. and Bull, L. (2008) Boolean networks with memory. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 18 (12). pp. 3799-3814. ISSN 0218-1274 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19005

Tamee, K. and Bull, L. (2008) Clustering With XCS. Technical Report. Learning Classifier Systems Group, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20697

Taylor, A., Kapetanopoulos, P., Whitaker, B., Toth, R., Bull, L. and Tinsley, M. (2008) Clusters and switchers in globally coupled photochemical oscillators. Physical review letters, 100 (21). p. 214101. ISSN 0031-9007 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18991

Bull, L. and Uroukov, I. S. (2008) Consideration of using learning classifier systems to create a simple neuronal computer. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18604

Toth, R., Stone, C., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Bull, L. (2008) Dynamic control and information processing in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction using a coevolutionary algorithm. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 129. p. 184708. ISSN 0021-9606 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18672

Toth, R., Stone, C., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Bull, L. (2008) Dynamic control and information processing in the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction using a coevolutionary algorithm. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 129 (18). p. 184708. ISSN 0021-9606 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/7084

Alonso-Sanz, R. and Bull, L. (2008) Elementary coupled cellular automata with memory. In: Automata, 2008, Bristol, UK, 12-14 June, Bristol, UK, 12-14 June 2008. Bristol, UK: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 72-99 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19019

Sapin, E. and Bull, L. (2008) Evolutionary search for cellular automata logic gates with collision-based computing. Complex Systems, 17 (4). pp. 321-338. ISSN 0891-2513 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20674

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2008) Foreign exchange trading using a learning classifier system. In: Bernadó-Mansilla , E. and Holmes, J., eds. (2008) Learning classifier systems in data mining. (125) 2008. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 169-189. ISBN 9783540789789 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19033

Kharbat, F., Odeh, M. ed and Bull, L. (2008) Knowledge discovery from medical data: an empirical study with XCS. In: Bull, L., Bernado-Mansilla, E. and Holmes, J., eds. (2008) Learning Classifier Systems in Data Mining. Springer. ISBN 9783540789789 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/13256

Bull, L. (2008) Learning classifier systems in data mining. (125) Springer. ISBN 9783540789789 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18611

Bull, L., Bernad-Mansilla, E. and Holmes, J. (2008) Learning classifier systems in data mining: An introduction. In: Bull, L., Bernad-Mansilla, E. and Holmes, J., eds. (2008) Learning Classifier Systems in Data Mining. Springer, pp. 1-15. ISBN 9783540789789 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18584

Bull, L., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B., Husbands, P., O’Shea, M., Purcell, W. and Taylor, A. (2008) Non-linear media based computers: chemical and neuronal networks through machine learning. Project Report. UNSPECIFIED, UK. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20700

Bull, L. (2008) On lookahead and latent learning in simple learning classifier systems (LCS). Learning Classifier Systems, 4998. pp. 154-168. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19011

Alonso-Sanz, R. and Bull, L. (2008) One-dimensional coupled cellular automata with memory: Initial investigations. Journal of Cellular Automata, 5. pp. 29-49. ISSN 1557-5969 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19029

Casillas, J., Carse, B. and Bull, L. (2008) Reinforcement learning by an accuracy-based fuzzy classifier system with real-valued output. In: International Workshop on Genetic Fuzzy Systems, 2008. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18608

Sapin, E. and Bull, L. (2008) Searching for glider guns in cellular automata: Exploring evolutionary and other techniques. Artificial Evolution. pp. 255-265. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19047

Howard, D., Bull, L. and Lanzi, P. L. (2008) Self-adaptive constructivism in neural xcs and xcsf. In: Proceedings of the 2008 genetic and evolutionary computation conference, 2008. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18681

Tamee, K., Bull, L. and Pinngern, O. (2008) Spherical conditions with XCSc. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18586

Tamee, K., Bull, L. and Pinngern, O. (2008) Towards clustering with learning classifier systems. In: Bull, L., Bernadó-Mansilla, E. and Holmes, J., eds. (2008) Learning classifier systems in data mining. Springer, pp. 191-204. ISBN 9783642097751 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19042

Toth, R., Stone, C., de Lacy Costello, B., Adamatzky, A. and Bull, L. (2008) Towards designing collision based chemical logic gates with adaptive computing. In: IPCC 2008, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, 2008. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/7513

Bull, L., Budd, A., Stone, C., Uroukov, I., Costello, B. d. L. and Adamatzky, A. (2008) Towards unconventional computing through simulated evolution: Control of nonlinear media by a learning classifier system. Artificial Life, 14 (2). pp. 203-222. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/7085

Bull, L. (2008) Unorganised machines in learning classifier systems. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18602

Bull, L. (2008) A brief note on discrete dynamical learning classifier systems. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18606

Sapin, E. and Bull, L. (2008) The emergence of glider guns in cellular automata found by evolutionary algorithms. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18590

Kharbat, F., Odeh, M. ed and Bull, L. (2008) A new hybrid architecture for the discovery and compaction of knowledge from breast cancer datasets. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18585

2007

Sapin, E., Bull, L. and Adamatzky, A. (2007) A genetic approach to search for glider guns in cellular automata. In: IEEE Conference on Evolutionary Computation, 2007, Singapore, 25-28 September, 2007., pp. 2456-2462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19039

Bull, L., Studley, M., Bagnall, A. and Whittley, I. (2007) Accuracy-based learning classifier system ensembles with rule-sharing. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, 11 (4). pp. 496-502. ISSN 1089-778X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/5913

Casillas, J., Carse, B. and Bull, L. (2007) Fuzzy-XCS: A michigan genetic fuzzy system. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 15 (4). pp. 536-550. ISSN 10636706 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/5891

Smith, M. and Bull, L. (2007) Improving the human readability of features constructed by genetic programming. In: Proceedings of the 9th Annual conference on Genetic and Evolutionary computation, London, England, July 7-11, 2007. London: ACM, pp. 1694-1701 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19021

Kovacs, T. and Bull, L. (2007) Toward a better understanding of rule initialisation and deletion. In: Lipson, H., ed. (2007) Proceedings of the 2007 GECCO Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computation. London, England: ACM, pp. 2777-2780. ISBN 9781595936974 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19013

Stone, C., Toth, R., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Bull, L. (2007) Towards the coevolution of cellular automata controllers for chemical computing with the B-Z reaction. In: 9th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation, London, England, July 7-11, 2007. London: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 472-478 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19045

Tamee, K., Bull, L. and Pinngern, O. (2007) Ycsc: a modified clustering technique based on lcs. Journal of Digital Information Management, 5 (3). pp. 160-166. ISSN 0972-7272 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20689

Studley, M. and Bull, L. (2007) Using the XCS classifier system for multi-objective reinforcement learning problems. Artificial Life, 13 (1). pp. 69-86. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/5914

Aguilar-Ruiz, J., Alfonseca, M., Alonso, J., Alvarruiz, F., Arnold, D., Baesens, B., Bagnall, A., Barker, W., Bednar, J., Bhanu, B. and Bull, L. (2007) 2007 index IEEE transactions on evolutionary computation vol. 11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION, 11 (6). pp. 791-796. ISSN 1089-778X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20710

Bull, L., O'Hara, T. and Lanzi, P. L. (2007) Anticipation mappings for learning classifier systems. In: IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation 2007, Singapore, 25-28 September, 2007. Singapore: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 2133-2140 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19026

O’Hara, T. and Bull, L. (2007) Backpropagation in accuracy-based neural learning classifier systems. In: Bacardit, J., Bernadó-Mansilla, E., Butz, M. V., Kovacs, T., Llorà, X. and Takadama, K., eds. (2007) Learning Classifier Systems. Springer, pp. 25-39. ISBN 9783540881384 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18686

Bull, L. and Uroukov, I. S. (2007) Initial results from the use of learning classifier systems to control in vitro neuronal networks. In: Proceedings of the 9th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation, 2007., pp. 369-376 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18685

Bull, L., Studley, M., Bagnall, A. and Whittley, I. (2007) Learning classifier system ensembles with rule-sharing. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, 11 (4). pp. 496-502. ISSN 1089-778X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18651

Kharbat, F., Bull, L. and Odeh, M. ed (2007) Mining breast cancer data with XCS. In: Proceedings of the 9th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation, 2007., pp. 2066-2073 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18665

Kharbat, F., Odeh, M. ed and Bull, L. (2007) New approach for extracting knowledge from the XCS learning classifier system. International Journal of Hybrid Intelligent Systems, 4 (2). pp. 49-62. ISSN 1448-5869 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19048

Bull, L. (2007) Towards canonical learning classifier systems: Simple accuracy, payoff and anticipatory systems. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18592

Tamee, K., Bull, L. and Pinngern, O. (2007) Towards clustering with XCS. In: Proceedings of the 9th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation, 2007., pp. 1854-1860 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18673

Bull, L., Budd, A., Stone, C., Uroukov, I. S., Costello, B. d. L. and Adamatzky, A. (2007) Towards unconventional computing through simulated evolution: Learning classifier system control of non-linear media. Artificial Life. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19040

Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B., Bull, L., Stepney, S. and Teuscher, C. (2007) Unconventional computing 2007. Frome: Luniver Press. ISBN 978-1-905986-05-7 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/10581

Wyatt, D., Bull, L. and Parmee, I. (2007) Using XCS to describe continuous-valued problem spaces. In: (2007) Learning Classifier Systems. (4399) Springer, pp. 308-332. ISBN 9783540712305 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20672

Wyatt, D., Bull, L. and Parmee, I. (2007) Using XCS to describe continuous-valued problem spaces. In: Kovacs, T., Llorà, X., Takadama, K., Luca Lanzi, P., Stolzmann, W. and Wilson, S. W., eds. (2007) Learning Classifier Systems. (4399) Springer, pp. 308-332. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/22545

Bull, L. and Adamatzky, A. (2007) A learning classifier system approach to the identification of cellular automata. Journal of Cellular Automata, 2 (1). pp. 21-38. ISSN 1557-5969 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19050

2006

Bagnall, A., Whittley, I., Studley, M., Pettipher, M., Tekiner, F. and Bull, L. (2006) Variance stabilizing regression ensembles for environmental models. In: 2006 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN 2006 - Vancouver) , Vancouver, Canada, 16-21 July, 2006. Vancouver, Canada: IEEE, pp. 5355-5361 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19046

Budd, A., Stone, C., Masere, J., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B. and Bull, L. (2006) Towards machine learning control of chemical computers. In: Adamatzky, A. and Teuscher, C., eds. (2006) From Utopian to Genuine Unconventional Computers. Frome, UK: Luniver Press, pp. 17-36. ISBN 9780955117091 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19034

Uroukov, I. S., Ma, M., Bull, L. and Purcell, W. M. (2006) Electrophysiological measurements in three-dimensional in vivo-mimetic organotypic cell cultures: Preliminary studies with hen embryo brain spheroids. Neuroscience letters, 404 (1). pp. 33-38. ISSN 0304-3940 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18684

Studley, M., Whittley, I. M., Tekiner, F., Bull, L., Bagnall, A. J. and Pettipher, M. (2006) SCDM User Guide. Other. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18615

Tamee, K., Bull, L., Pinngern, O., Rojanavasu, P. and Srinil, P. (2006) Using a learning classifier system for clustering. In: International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, 2006. ISCIT'06, 2006., pp. 43-48 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18607

Bagnall, A. J., Whittley, I. M., Janacek, G. J., Kemsley, K., Studley, M. and Bull, L. (2006) A comparison of DWT/PAA and DFT for time series classification. In: International Conference on Data Mining, (DMIN '06), Las Vegas, US, 26th - 29th June, 2006. US: CSREA Press, pp. 403-409 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20684

Tamee, K., Bull, L. and Pinngern, O. (2006) A learning classifier system approach to clustering. In: Intelligent Systems Design and Applications, 2006, Jinan, China, Jinan, China, October 16-18, 2006. China: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 621-626 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19015

Hurst, J. and Bull, L. (2006) A neural learning classifier system with self-adaptive constructivism for mobile robot control. Artificial Life, 12 (3). pp. 353-380. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18640

2005

Bull, L., Lawson, I., Adamatzky, A. and de Lacy Costello, B. (2005) Towards predicting spatial complexity: a learning classifier system approach to the identification of cellular automata. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2005, Edinburgh, UK, 2nd - 4th September, 2005. US: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), pp. 136-141 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20715

Studley, M. and Bull, L. (2005) X-TCS: Accuracy-based learning classifier system robotics. 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 3. pp. 2099-2106. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/5916

O'Hara, T. and Bull, L. (2005) Building anticipations in an accuracy-based learning classifier system by use of an artificial neural network. In: O'Hara, T. and Bull, L., eds. (2005) The 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation. (3) IEEE, pp. 2046-2052. ISBN 0780393635 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18995

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2005) An analysis of continuous-valued representations for learning classifier systems. In: Bull, L. and Kovacs, T., eds. (2005) Foundations of learning classifier systems. Springer, pp. 127-178. ISBN 9783540250739 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18934

Whittley, I., Bagnall, A., Bull, L., Pettipher, M., Studley, M. and Tekiner, F. (2005) Attribute selection methods for filtered attribute subspace based bagging with injected randomness (FASBIR). In: 2005 SIAM International Conference on Data Mining, Newport Beach, California, April 23, 2005. Newport Beach, California: UNSPECIFIED, p. 10 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19012

Bull, L. (2005) Coevolutionary species adaptation genetic algorithms: A continuing SAGA on coupled fitness landscapes. In: Almeida e Costa, F., ed. (2005) Advances in Artificial Life. Springer, pp. 322-331. ISBN 9783540749134 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18694

Bull, L. (2005) Coevolutionary species adaptation genetic algorithms: growth and mutation on coupled fitness landscapes. In: 2005 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, Edinburgh, UK, 2nd - 4th September, 2005. US: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), pp. 559-564 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20691

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2005) Comparing XCS and ZCS on noisy continuous valued environments. Technical Report. UWE. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19031

Bull, L. and Kovacs, T. (2005) Foundations of learning classifier systems: An introduction. In: Bull, L. and Kovacs, T., eds. (2005) Foundations of Learning Classifier Systems. Springer, pp. 1-17. ISBN 9783540250739 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18674

Smith, M. G. and Bull, L. (2005) Genetic programming with a genetic algorithm for feature construction and selection. Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines, 6 (3). pp. 265-281. ISSN 1389-2576 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18626

Bull, L., Studley, M., Bagnall, T. and Whittley, I. (2005) On the use of rule-sharing in learning classifier system ensembles. In: The 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 2005., pp. 612-617 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18663

Kharbat, F., Bull, L. and Odeh, M. ed (2005) Revisiting genetic selection in the XCS learning classifier system. In: The 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 2005., pp. 2061-2068 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18657

Bull, L. (2005) Two simple learning classifier systems. In: Bull, L. and Kovacs, T., eds. (2005) Foundations of Learning Classifier Systems. Springer, p. 913. ISBN 9783540250739 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18633

O'Hara, T. and Bull, L. (2005) A memetic accuracy-based neural learning classifier system. In: The 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 2005., pp. 2040-2045 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18675

Wyatt, D. and Bull, L. (2005) A memetic learning classifier system for describing continuous-valued problem spaces. In: Hart, W. E., Krasnogor, N. and Smith, J., eds. (2005) Recent advances in memetic algorithms. Springer, pp. 355-395. ISBN 9783540229049 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18680

2004

Smith, M. and Bull, L. (2004) GAP: Constructing and selecting features with evolutionary computing. In: Ghosh, A., ed. (2004) Evolutionary Computation in Data Mining (Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing). 2005 edition. Springer, pp. 41-56. ISBN 9783540223702 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19037

Bull, L. (2004) Lookahead and latent learning in a simple accuracy-based classifier system. In: The 8th International Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature (PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 18-22 September 2004. Birmingham, UK: UNSPECIFIED, pp. 1042-1050 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18933

Smith, M. and Bull, L. (2004) Using genetic programming for feature creation with a genetic algorithm feature selector. In: Parallel Problem solving from nature, PPSN VIII, Birmingham, UK, 18-22 SEPTEMBER, 2004. Birmingham, UK: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, pp. 1163-1171 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18990

Hurst, J. and Bull, L. (2004) A self-adaptive neural learning classifier system with constructivism for mobile robot control. In: Parallel Problem Solving from Nature (PPSN VIII), Birmingham, UK, 18-22 September, 2004. Birmingham, UK: Springer, pp. 942-951 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19022

O'Hara, T. and Bull, L. (2004) Prediction calculation in accuracy-based neural learning classifier systems. Technical Report. UWE. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19001

Wyatt, D., Bull, L. and Parmee, I. C. (2004) Applying XCSR to Design-Oriented Environments. Technical Report. Citeseer. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19044

Wyatt, D., Bull, L. and Parmee, I. (2004) Building compact rulesets for describing continuous-valued problem spaces using a learning classifier system. In: Parmee, I., ed. (2004) Adaptive Computing in Design and Manufacture VI. Springer, pp. 235-248. ISBN 9781852338299 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18676

Casillas, J., Carse, B. and Bull, L. (2004) Fuzzy XCS: An accuracy-based fuzzy classifier system. Proc. 12th Spanish Conference on Fuzzy Logic and Technologies. pp. 369-376. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18983

Bull, L. (2004) Learning classifier systems: A brief introduction. In: Bull, L., ed. (2004) Applications of Learning Classifier Systems. Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, pp. 1-12. ISBN 9783540211099 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18654

Bull, L., Sha’Aban, J., Tomlinson, A., Addison, J. D. and Heydecker, B. G. (2004) Towards distributed adaptive control for road traffic junction signals using learning classifier systems. In: Bull, L., ed. (2004) Applications of Learning Classifier Systems. Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, pp. 276-299. ISBN 9783540211099 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18655

Smith, M. and Bull, L. (2004) Using genetic programming for feature creation with a genetic algorithm feature selector. In: Yao, X., Burke, E. K., Lozano, José A., Smith, J., Merelo-Guervós, J. Julián, Bullinaria, J. A., Rowe, J. E., Tiňo, P., Kabán, A. and Schwefel, H.-P., eds. (2004) Parallel Problem Solving from Nature - PPSN VIII. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 1163-1171. ISBN 978-3-540-23092-2 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18598

Casillias, J., Carse, B. and Bull, L. (2004) An accuracy-based fuzzy classifier system. In: 12th Spanish Conference on Fuzzy Logic and Technologies, 2004., pp. 369-376 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18931

Bull, L. (2004) A simple payoff-based learning classifier system. Parallel Problem Solving from Nature-PPSN VIII. pp. 1032-1041. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18989

2003

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2003) A note on crossover with interval representations. Technical Report. Citeseer. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19035

Staggemeier, A. T., Clark, A., Smith, J. and Bull, L. (2003) Genetic algorithm and linear programing to solve a lot-sizing and scheduling problem. In: Proceedings of the 6th Biannual Model and Algorithms to Production and Scheduling Problems 2003, Aussois, France, April, 2003., pp. 159-160 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/11101

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2003) Comparing learning classifier systems for continuous-valued online environments. UWE Learning Classifier System Group: Technical Report (LSCG03). Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20754

Smith, M. and Bull, L. (2003) Feature construction and selection using genetic programming and a genetic algorithm. In: Ryan, C., Soule, T., Keijzer, M., Tsang, E., Poli, R. and Costa, E., eds. (2003) Genetic Programming. Springer, pp. 229-237. ISBN 9783540009719 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18637

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2003) For real! XCS with continuous-valued inputs. Evolutionary Computation, 11 (3). pp. 299-336. ISSN 1063-6560 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/5887

Bull, L. (2003) Investigating fitness sharing in a simple payoff-based learning classifier system. Technical Report. UWE, Bristol, UK. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19023

Bull, L. and Hurst, J. (2003) Lookahead and latent learning in a neural learning classifier system with self-adaptive constructivism. Technical Report. UWE, UWE Learning classifier systems group technical report. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19041

Bull, L. and Wyatt, D. (2003) On simplifying the payoff prediction in accuracy-based learning classifier system. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18617

Hurst, J. and Bull, L. (2003) Robotic experimentation using constructivism within a neural learning classifier system. Technical Report. UWE. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19027

Stone, C. and Bull, L. (2003) Towards learning classifier systems for continuous-valued online environments. In: Cantu-Paz, E., ed. (2003) GECCO'03 Proceedings of the 2003 international conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation: Part II. Springer, p. 209. ISBN 3540406034 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19004

Bull, L. and Hurst, J. (2003) A neural learning classifier system with self-adaptive constructivism. In: The 2003 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 2003., pp. 991-997 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18658

Bull, L. (2003) A simple accuracy-based learning classifier system. Technical Report. University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18688

2002

Bull, L., Wyatt, D. and Parmee, I. (2002) Towards the use of XCS in interactive evolutionary design. In: Langdon, W., ed. (2002) GECCO-2002: proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, p. 951. ISBN 9781558608788 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18988

Wyatt, D. and Bull, L. (2002) An investigation into island model rule migration for a number of mobile autonomous learning classifier system agents. In: Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, New York, 2002, New York, July 9-13, 2002. New York: Citeseer Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19049

Sha'Aban, J., Tomlinson, A., Heydecker, B. G. and Bull, L. (2002) Adaptive traffic control using evolutionary algorithms. In: 13th Mini-Euro Conference, Bari, Italy, Bari, Italy, 10-13 June, 2002. Bari, Italy: UNSPECIFIED Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19009

Bull, L., Lanzi, P.-L. and Stolzmann, W. (2002) Learning classifier systems. Soft Computing, 6 (3-4). p. 143. ISSN 1432-7643 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20679

Bull, L. and Hurst, J. (2002) ZCS Redux. Evolutionary Computation, 10 (2). pp. 185-205. ISSN 1063-6560 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/5885

Bull, L. and O’Hara, T. (2002) Accuracy-based neuro and neuro-fuzzy classifier systems. In: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, 1999., pp. 905-911 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18624

Sha'Aban, J., Tomlinson, A., HEYDECKER, B. and Bull, L. (2002) Addressing policy objectives of traffic control using evolutionary algorithms. In: European Transport Conference 2002, Cambridge, UK, 9th - 11th September, 2002. London, UK: Association for European Transport Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20687

Bull, L. and Studley, M. (2002) Consideration of multiple objectives in neural learning classifier systems. In: Merelo, J. J., Adamidis, P. and Beyer, H.-G., eds. (2002) Parallel Problem Solving from Nature—PPSN VII. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-45712-7_53: Springer, pp. 549-557. ISBN 9783540441397 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18689

Langdon, W., Cant{\'u}-Paz, E., Mathias, K., Roy, R., Davis, D., Poli, R., Balakrishnan, K., Honavar, V., Rudolph, G., Wegener, J. and Bull, L. (2002) GECCO 2002: Proceedings of the genetic and evolutionary computation conference. In: Langdon, W., Cant u Paz, E., Mathias, K., Roy, R., Davis, D., Poli, R., Balakrishnan, K., Honavar, V., Rudolph, G., Wegener, J. and Bull, L., eds. (2002) GECCO-2002: proceedings of the genetic and evolutionary computation conference. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. ISBN 1558608788 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18993

Hurst, J. and Bull, L. (2002) I theory-a self-adaptive XCS. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2321. pp. 57-73. ISSN 0302-9743 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20733

Bull, L., Wyatt, D. and Parmee, I. (2002) Initial modifications to XCS for use in interactive evolutionary design. In: Merelo, J. J., Adamidis, P. and Beyer, H.-G., eds. (2002) Parallel Problem Solving from Nature—PPSN VII. Springer, pp. 568-577. ISBN 978-3-540-44139-7 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18690

Bull, L. (2002) Lookahead and latent learning in ZCS. In: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference 2002, 2002., pp. 897-904 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18648

Bull, L. (2002) On accuracy-based fitness. Soft Computing - A Fusion of Foundations, Methodologies and Applications, 6 (3). pp. 154-161. ISSN 1432-7643 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18652

Bull, L. (2002) On using constructivism in neural classifier systems. In: Merelo, J. J., Adamidis, P. and Beyer, H.-G., eds. (2002) Parallel Problem Solving From Nature—PPSN VII. Springer, pp. 558-567. ISBN 9783540441397 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18660

Hurst, J., Bull, L. and Melhuish, C. (2002) TCS learning classifier system controller on a real robot. In: Merelo, J. J., Adamidis, P. and Beyer, H.-G., eds. (2002) Parallel problem solving from nature—PPSN VII. Springer, pp. 588-597. ISBN 9783540441397 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18649

Hurst, J., Bull, L. and Melhuish, C. (2002) ZCS and TCS learning classifier system controllers on real robots. Technical Report. UWE. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19020

Hurst, J., Bull, L. and Melhuish, C. (2002) ZCS and TCS learning classifier system controllers on real robots. UWE Learning Classifier Systems Group Technical Report 02 (2). Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20749

Tomlinson, A. and Bull, L. (2002) An accuracy based corporate classifier system. Soft Computing - A Fusion of Foundations, Methodologies and Applications, 6 (3). pp. 200-215. ISSN 1432-7643 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18670

Hurst, J. and Bull, L. (2002) A self-adaptive XCS. In: Lanzi, P. L., Stolzmann, W. and Wilson, S. W., eds. (2002) Advances in Learning Classifier Systems. Springer, pp. 57-73. ISBN 9783540437932 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18668

2001

Bull, L. (2001) Simple models of coevolutionary genetic algorithms. Artificial Life and Robotics, 5 (1). pp. 58-66. ISSN 1433-5298 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20703

Tomlinson, A. and Bull, L. (2001) Symbiogenesis in learning classifier systems. Artificial Life, 7 (1). pp. 33-61. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/5886

Ahluwalia, M. and Bull, L. (2001) Coevolving functions in genetic programming. Journal of Systems Architecture, 47 (7). pp. 573-585. ISSN 1383-7621 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18664

Bull, L. (2001) On coevolutionary genetic algorithms. Soft Computing - A Fusion of Foundations, Methodologies and Applications, 5 (3). pp. 201-207. ISSN 1432-7643 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18643

Hurst, J. and Bull, L. (2001) Self-adaptation in classifier system controllers. Artificial Life and Robotics, 5 (2). pp. 109-119. ISSN 1433-5298 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18987

Bull, L. (2001) Simple Markov models of the genetic algorithm in classifier systems: multi-step tasks. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1996. pp. 29-36. ISSN 0302-9743 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20747

Bull, L. (2001) Simple markov models of the genetic algorithm in classifier systems: Multi-step tasks. In: Lanzi, P. L., Stolzmann, W. and Wilson, S. W., eds. (2001) Advances in Learning Classifier Systems. Springer, pp. 299-306. ISBN 9783540437932 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18691

Bull, L. and Hurst, J. (2001) ZCS: Theory and practice: UWE Learning Classifier Systems Group Technical Report 01. Technical Report. University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18683

Bull, L. and O’Hara, T. (2001) An accuracy-based neural classifier system. Technical Report. Learning Classifier Systems Group, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20677

Tomlinson, A. and Bull, L. (2001) An investigation into LCS road traffic junction controllers. UWE Learning Classifier Systems Group: Technical Report 01-009. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20752

Hurst, J. and Bull, L. (2001) A self-adaptive classifier system. In: Lanzi, P. L., Stolzmann, W. and Wilson, S. W., eds. (2001) Advances in Learning Classifier Systems. Springer, pp. 70-79. ISBN 9783540424376 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18653

2000

Ireson, N., Cao, Y., Bull, L. and Miles, R. (2000) A communication architecture for multi-agent learning systems. In: Cagnoni, S., Poli, R., Smith, G. D., Corne, D., Oates, M., Hart, E., Lanzi, P. L., Willem, E. J., Li, Y., Paechter, B. and Fogarty, T. C., eds. (2000) Real-World Applications of Evolutionary Computing: EvoWorkshops 2000. Springer, pp. 119-147. ISBN 9783540673538 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19017

Cao, Y., Ireson, N., Bull, L. and Miles, R. (2000) Distributed learning control of traffic signals. In: Cagnoni, S., Poli, R., Smith, G., Corne, D., Oates, M., Hart, E., Lanzi, P., Willem, E., Li, Y., Paechter, B. and Fogarty, T., eds. (2000) Real-world Applications of Evolutionary Computing. Springer, pp. 159-160. ISBN 9783540673538 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18693

Bull, L., Holland, O. and Blackmore, S. (2000) On meme-gene coevolution. Artificial Life, 6 (3). pp. 227-235. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18627

Hurst, J. and Bull, L. (2000) Self-adaptation in learning classifier systems. Technical Report. Learning Classifier Systems Group, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20678

Bull, L. and Hurst, J. (2000) Self-adaptive mutation in ZCS controllers. In: Cagnoni, S., Poli, R., Smith, G. D., Corne, D., Oates, M., Hart, E., Lanzi, P. L., Willem, E. J., Li, Y., Paechter, B. and Fogarty, T. C., eds. (2000) Real-World Applications of Evolutionary Computing. Springer, pp. 342-349. ISBN 9783540673538 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18669

Bull, L., Hurst, J. and Tomlinson, A. (2000) Self-adaptive mutation in classifier system controllers. In: Meyer, J.-A., Berthoz, A., Floreano, D., Roitblat, H. L. and Wilson, S. W., eds. (2000) From Animals to Animats 6. MIT Press, pp. 460-467. ISBN 9780262632003 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18632

1999

Cao, Y., Ireson, N., Bull, L. and Miles, R. (1999) Design of a traffic junction controller using classifier system and fuzzy logic. In: Reusch, B., ed. (1999) Computational Intelligence. Springer, pp. 342-353. ISBN 9783540660507 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18661

Tomlinson, A. and Bull, L. (1999) On corporate classifier systems: Increasing the benefits of rule linkage. In: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-99), 1999., pp. 649-656 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18642

Bull, L. (1999) On evolving social systems: Communication, speciation and symbiogenesis. Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, 5 (3). pp. 281-302. ISSN 1381-298X Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18687

Bull, L. (1999) On model-based evolutionary computation. Soft Computing - A Fusion of Foundations, Methodologies and Applications, 3 (2). pp. 76-82. ISSN 1432-7643 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18634

Bull, L. (1999) On the Baldwin effect. Artificial life, 5 (3). pp. 241-246. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18641

Bull, L. (1999) On the evolution of eukaryotes: Computational models of symbiogenesis and multicellularity. Lectures on Mathematics in the Life Sciences. pp. 31-46. ISSN 0075-8523 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19025

Bull, L. (1999) On the evolution of multicellularity and eusociality. Artificial life, 5 (1). pp. 1-15. ISSN 1064-5462 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18656

Bull, L. (1999) On using ZCS in a simulated continuous double-auction market. In: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-99), 1999., pp. 83-90 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18630

Ahluwalia, M., Bull, L. and Banzhaf, W. (1999) A genetic programming-based classifier system. In: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, 1999., pp. 11-18 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18620

Tomlinson, A. and Bull, L. (1999) A zeroth level corporate classifier system. In: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO’99), 1999., pp. 306-313 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18645

1998

Ahluwalia, M. and Bull, L. (1998) Co-evolving functions in genetic programming: Dynamic ADF creation using GLiB. In: Porto, W. V., Saravanan, N., Waagen, D. E. and Eiben, A., eds. (1998) Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Evolutionary Programming VII. London: Springer-Verlag, pp. 809-818. ISBN 3540648917 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18986

Bull, L. (1998) Coevolutionary computation: an introduction. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20712

Bull, L. (1998) Evolutionary computing in multi-agent environments: Operators. In: Porto, V. W., Saravanan, N., Waagen, D. and Eiben, A. E., eds. (1998) Evolutionary Programming VII. Springer, pp. 43-52. ISBN 9783540648918 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18678

Bull, L. and , ; , ; , ; , (1998) On zcs in multi-agent environments. In: Eiben, A., Bäck, T., Schoenauer, M. and Schwefel, H.-P., eds. (1998) Parallel Problem Solving from Nature—PPSN V. Springer, pp. 471-480. ISBN 9783540650782 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18644

Tomlinson, A. and Bull, L. (1998) A corporate classifier system. In: Eiben, A. E., Bäck, T., Schoenauer, M. and Schwefel, H.-P., eds. (1998) Parallel Problem Solving from Nature—PPSN V. Springer, pp. 550-559. ISBN 9783540650782 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18629

1997

Bull, L. and Fogarty, T. (1997) Horizontal gene transfer in endosymbiosis. In: Bull, L., ed. (1997) Proceedings of the 5th International workshop on Artificial Life: Synthesis and simulation of living systems. Bradford book, pp. 77-84. ISBN 0262621118 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18996

Bull, L. (1997) Model-based evolutionary computing: A neural network and genetic algorithm architecture. In: IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation, 1997, Ashikaga Institute of Technology, Tochigi, Japan, 13-16 APRIL 1997., pp. 611-616 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19036

Bull, L. and Holland, O. (1997) Evolutionary computing in multi-agent environments: Eusociality. In: Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference on Genetic Programming, 1997., pp. 347-352 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18646

Bull, L. (1997) Evolutionary computing in multi-agent environments: Partners. In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, 1997., pp. 370-377 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18621

Bull, L. (1997) On the evolution of Eukaryotes. In: Mathematical and computational biology: Computational morphogenesis, hierarchical complexity, and digital evolution: an international workshop, University of Aizu, Aizu-Wakamatsu City, Japan, 21st - 25th October, 1997., p. 31 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18609

Bull, L. (1997) On the evolution of multicellularity. In: Husbands, P. and Harvey, I., eds. (1997) Fourth European Conference on Artificial Life [ECAL '97]. London: Cambridge, pp. 190-196. ISBN 9780262581578 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19000

1996

Bull, L. and Fogarty, T. C. (1996) Evolutionary computing in cooperative multi-agent environments. Proceedings of the Adaptation, Coevolution and Learning in Multiagent Systems. pp. 22-27. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18659

Bull, L. and Fogarty, T. (1996) Evolutionary computing in multi-agent environments: Speciation and symbiogenesis. In: Voigt, H.-M., Ebeling, W., Rechenberg, I. and Schwefel, H.-P., eds. (1996) Parallel Problem Solving from Nature—PPSN IV. Springer, pp. 12-21. ISBN 9783540617235 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18650

1995

Bull, L., Fogarty, T. C., Mikami, S. and Thomas, J. (1995) Adaptive gait acquisition using multi-agent learning for wall climbing robots. Automation and Robotics in Construction XII. pp. 80-86. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/19006

Bull, L., Fogarty, T. and Pipe, A. G. (1995) Artificial endosymbiosis. In: Fernando, A. e. C., ed. (1995) Advances in Artificial Life. Springer, pp. 273-289. ISBN 9783540749134 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18666

Bull, L. (1995) Artificial symbiology: Evolution in cooperative multi-agent environments. PhD, University of the West of England. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18692

Bull, L., Fogarty, T. C. and Snaith, M. (1995) Evolution in multi-agent systems: Evolving communicating classifier systems for gait in a quadrupedal robot. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Genetic Algorithms., pp. 382-388 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18622

Fogarty, T. C., Bull, L. and Carse, B. (1995) Evolving multi-agent systems. Genetic Algorithms in Engineering and Computer Science. pp. 3-22. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18636

Fogarty, T. C. and Bull, L. (1995) Optimising individual control rules and multiple communicating rule-based control systems with parallel distributed genetic algorithms. IEE Proceedings: Control Theory and Applications, 142 (3). pp. 211-215. ISSN 1350-2379 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18647

1994

Bull, L. and Fogarty, T. C. (1994) Evolving cooperative communicating classifier systems. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Conference on Evolutionary Programming (EP94), 1994., pp. 308-315 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18638

Bull, L. and Fogarty, T. C. (1994) Parallel evolution of communicating classifier systems. In: Proceedings of the First IEEE Conference on Evolutionary Computation, 1994. IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, 1994., pp. 680-685 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18671

Bull, L. and Fogarty, T. C. (1994) An evolution strategy and genetic algorithm hybrid: An initial implementation and first results. In: Fogarty, T. C., ed. (1994) Evolutionary Computing. Springer, pp. 95-102. ISBN 9783540584834 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18667

1993

Bull, L. and Fogarty, T. C. (1993) Co-evolving communicating classifier systems for tracking. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Neural Networks and Genetic Algoriths, 1993. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/18628

1984

Baum, E., Durdanovic, I., Bull, L., Butz, M., Goldberg, D., Stolzmann, W., Gérard, P., Sigaud, O., Hurst, J. and Kovacs, T. (1984) I Theory. Handbook of Physical and Mechanical Testing of Paper and Paperboard, 2. pp. 171-200. Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/20748

This list was generated on Mon Jun 27 02:42:52 2016 BST.

 

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